Energy-efficient trains


Tractive effort (N)
When Speed ≤ 4.2 m/s
When 4.2 m/s ≤ Speed ≤ 24.9 m/s
- * Speed
When 24.9 m/s ≤ Speed
- * Speed

Braking force (N)

Mass (Kg)

Switching points (m)
Max acceleration to cruise


Cruise to coast


Coast to max breaking

Track gradient (deg)

Davis equation coefficients
+ * Speed + * Speed2